How to Create a Professional Responsive Design

We live in an era of advancing technologies, where the internet has become a necessity for everyone. People connected to the internet eventually get into the habit of checking out their favorite websites regularly. In the early days of the web, most people only used desktop computers. But today, you can easily access the web through a laptop, tablet, desktop, car, foldable phone, and even a refrigerator.

Responsive web design is a design strategy that develops websites that work well for all devices, i.e., mobiles, tablets, desktops, laptops, etc. However, you first need to have the right mindset for making layouts. This means that before you write a single line of CSS code, you need to decide that your website must be responsive, it should work well on large and small screens alike, and there shouldn’t be any text overlaps. Moreover, your website should adapt to the viewport, and you should not lose any content or insert images too large for the layout.

Flexible Grid Layouts

Flexibility is the most critical component of any responsive design. It means that when you view an interface on several devices, the interface adjusts according to the device size, using a fluid-width layout capable of resizing and adjusting dynamically to any screen size.

One of the biggest reasons designers don’t use grid systems is because they fear they will stifle creativity and the visual flow. That is not a good enough excuse for not using the grid.

Creativity isn’t just turning ideas into designs. It has to come with a purpose. Grids set the guidelines for the creative process, provide valuable constraints to enforce organization, lead to rapid construction, and save time and money.

If that isn’t reason enough to use a grid system for your team’s projects, here are some more reasons why using a grid system helps you develop responsive design practices.

  1. It allows developers to build a mobile-first design, even if initially conceived in desktop proportions.
  2. It shows how elements will break at different layout sizes (you can practically see the breakpoints) as the browser scales down or up.
  3. It lets you stop thinking in pixels and focus on percentage-based design, a concept behind responsive motion.
  4. It gives you the ability to create standards and apply them to frameworks, like Bootstrap and Foundation, that are grid-centric.
  5. It creates guidelines you can apply to reviews later, so the website changes don’t seem out of place or inconsistent.


Grid Layout


Steps to Create Responsive Grid Layouts


Step 1 is the HTML code:

<div class=”container”>

  <div class=”item item-1″>1</div>

  <div class=”item item-2″>2</div>

  <div class=”item item-3″>3</div>

  <div class=”item item-4″>4</div>

  <div class=”item item-5″>5</div>

  <div class=”item item-6″>6</div>

  <div class=”item item-7″>7</div>

  <div class=”item item-8″>8</div>

  <div class=”item item-9″>9</div>

  <div class=”item item-10″>10</div>



Step 2 is the CSS code:


    padding: 0;

    margin: 0;

    box-sizing: border-box;



    padding: 10px;

    display: grid;

    grid-template-columns: auto;

    grid-template-rows: repeat(6 , 250px);

    grid-gap: 10px 10px;



    background-color: lightblue;

    font-size: 50px;

    padding: 10px 20px;

    border-radius: 5px;

    color: #fff;

    font-family: ‘Righteous’, cursive;

    box-shadow: 0 4px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.14),

0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.12),

0 2px 4px -1px rgba(0,0,0,0.3);



    grid-column: 1 / 3;

    grid-row: 1 / 3;

    background-color: #e91e63;



    grid-column: 3 / 5;

    grid-row: 1 / 2;

    background-color: #ff9800;



    grid-column: 3 / 4;

    grid-row: 2 / 3;

    background-color: #ab47bc;



    grid-column: 4 / 5;

    grid-row: 2 / 3;

    background-color: #546e7a;



    grid-column: 1 / 2;

    grid-row: 3 / 4;

    background-color: #6a6a6a;



    grid-column: 2 / 3;

    grid-row: 3 / 5;

    background-color: #38cf44;



    grid-column: 3 / 5;

    grid-row: 3 / 6;

    background-color: #2196f3;



    grid-column: 1 / 2;

    grid-row: 4 / 5;

    background-color: #4a148c;



    grid-column: 1 / 3;

    grid-row: 5 / 6;

    background-color: #6d4c41;



    grid-column: 1 / 5;

    grid-row: 6 / 7;

    background-color: #e83835;


/* For Responsive Device */

@media screen and (max-width: 768px){


        display: block;



        height: 200px;

        margin-bottom: 10px;




How it Works 

  • The design starts with a certain number of columns.
  • The gutter width (space between columns) is static.
  • The column width flexes and flows with the browser size (fluid grid).
  • The column width is fixed and is at the center of the browser canvas (center grid).

Adaptive Images

A professional, design services adaptive images that easily adjust to the changing screen size and resolution. A single image is created and scaled according to the display size as per instructions given to the browser.

SVG files are preferable for non-photographic images like icons. The file formats are lightweight, and you can quickly scale them to varying resolutions without losing the quality of the images.

One quick way to make media responsive is by using the max-width property with a value of 100%. Doing so ensures that as the viewport gets smaller, any media will scale down according to its container’s width.

img, video, canvas {
  max-width: 100%;

For embedded media to be fully responsive, the embedded element must be absolutely embedded within the parent element. The main element needs to have a width of 100% so that it scales based on the width of the viewport. The parent element also needs a height of 0 to trigger the hasLayout mechanism in the browser.

Padding is then given to the bottom of the parent element, the value of which is set in the same aspect ratio of the video. This enables the parent element’s height to be proportionate to its width.

Remember the Professional Responsive Design formula from before? If a video has an aspect ratio of 16:9, 9 divided by 16 equals .5625, thus requiring a bottom padding of 56.25%. Padding on the bottom and not the top is specifically used to prevent Internet Explorer 5.5 from breaking and treating the parent element as an absolutely positioned element.


  <iframe src=””></iframe>


div {
  height: 0;
  padding-bottom: 56.25%; /* 16:9 */
  position: relative;
  width: 100%;
iframe {
  height: 100%;
  left: 0;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  width: 100%;

Media Queries

Media queries are the instructions that alter the layout of the webpage for individual browsers and device circumstances. This component of a Professional Responsive Design instructs the browser to rearrange the elements on the screen if any changes in the screen size are detected. The specific site where the media breaks are called “Breakpoint.”

Media query performs best with a mobile-first strategy, where you specify what you want on mobile and then scale up to all the other browsers.

A breakout of mobile-first media queries might look like the following:

/* Default styles first then media queries */
@media screen and (min-width: 400px)  {…}
@media screen and (min-width: 600px)  {…}
@media screen and (min-width: 1000px) {…}
@media screen and (min-width: 1400px) {…}

For example, adding a media query for viewport 420 pixels.



<div class=”container”>





Without a media query, the Section and Aside look like the diagram above – as if it’s floating leftwards to the other section.

If we want to make it mobile-responsive, we can use the following media query:




@media all and (max-width: 420px) {
  section, aside {
    float: none;
    width: auto;


We remove the float using media queries. The Section and Aside can now span the entire width of the viewport.


Let’s sum this up.

Creating a Professional Responsive Design requires the following practices:

  • Use a mobile-first approach – start the design for mobile devices first and then proceed to other browsers.
  • Set up appropriate responsive breakpoints – include 3 or more breakpoints for 3 or more different devices.
  • Start with a fluid grid and adaptive images – prioritize the use of SVGs.
  • Take touchscreens into consideration – use images, CTAs or optimize these elements to render properly on multiple screens.
  • Adjust the typography with responsive fonts – look for the unit named rems in the CSS3 specification.
  • Test the responsiveness on real devices to validate the responsiveness of your web design.

Are you looking to build a Professional Responsive Design for your website? Xavor’s team of expert designers and developers can help you build a mobile-friendly website that you and your customers will love.

Contact us at [email protected] for further information.

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