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Full Stack Development

Full-stack development is one of the most sought-after IT resources these days. They understand all the aspects of a software development lifecycle (SDLC), including the front-end and back-end development of applications.  

The popularity of full-stack developers is primarily due to the fact that they remove the need for you to hire extra resources, thus saving money. You can develop good software without requiring more resources for the development process.  

This article explains all the things you need to know about full-stack development – the necessary technical and soft skills, tech stacks, database technologies, DevOps, etc.  

The Two Domains of Full Stack Development  

  • Front-end Development – It refers to developing the graphical user interface of a website, web page, or application. Front-end developers work on how an application or software will visually look and interact with users.  
  • Back-end Development – Back-end developers create and work with databases to ensure that the software program functions properly.   

What makes full-stack developers so capable is that they have expertise in both domains. They can address front-end, back-end, and other development-related queries adequately. Not only that, but these resources can develop complex applications from scratch. This is why they are often known as “developer generalists” – developers who understand how various technical layers interact with one another.  

Technical Skills of a Full Stack Developer  

1. Programming Languages  

The first technical skill a full-stack developer must possess is the command of programming languages like Java, Ruby, C#, etc. Knowing each language’s syntax and how to structure, design, test, and implement its code is critical.   

2. Development Frameworks & Third-party Libraries  

Development frameworks like Python Django, Express.js, Java Spring, Hibernate, etc., typically accompany programming languages. The knowledge of these third-party libraries and development frameworks is essential for full-stack developers.   

3. Database & Cache  

All software applications require a database for storage purposes. Thus, a full-stack software developer must have elementary knowledge of how databases work and how to use them conveniently. Some popular databases developers use today include Oracle, Redis, and MySQL.   

These databases are used for developing the application’s back end.  

4. Front-end Technology  

It is equally crucial for a full-stack developer to have a proper understanding of front-end technologies. Popular front-end frameworks include React, JQuery, SASS, AngularJS, etc. Full-stack developers also possess knowledge of front-end technologies like CSS3, HTML5, and JavaScript.  

5. Design Capability  

Full stack development also implies that the developer is aware of designing principles and possesses skills like UX/UI designing and prototype designing.  

While technical skills are a prerequisite for full-stack development, soft skills are equally crucial for optimum performance. These include, but are not limited to, the following:  

  • Excellent communication skills.  
  • A creative mindset.  
  • Curiosity.  
  • Ability to think on a global level.  
  • Time management and interpersonal skills.  

Essential Technology Stacks for Full Stack Development  

Back-end Architecture  

  • Blockchain – Blockchain platforms have added a lot of value to application development for many big players like Oracle and IBM. Some of the leading blockchain platforms include Ethereum, Hyperledger, and Hedera.  
  • Microservices Architecture – The microservices architectural approach helps automate business processes and develop applications as sets of loosely coupled services using lightweight protocols for communication. This approach is helpful for any software development company aiming to realize its full developmental potential.  

Framework & Back-end Technologies  

  • Express.js – It is a back-end web app framework used to build RESTful APIs with Node.js. It is often considered the go-to framework for Node.js and is used to build APIs and web applications.  
  • Node.js – It is an open-source and cross-platform JavaScript runtime environment that operates on a JavaScript Engine and implements JavaScript code outside a web browser. It enables you to build scalable applications in no time.   
  • Python – It is a noteworthy programming language that offers multiple benefits to its users. You can use Python to develop large, customized apps since the language provides benefits like special libraries, scalability, a readable syntax, and extensibility. Moreover, Python easily interacts with other languages, enabling room for future upgrades.  
  • PHP – As an open-source platform, PHP allows you to design websites and prototypes quickly. It is used to develop highly interactive, user-friendly websites for companies of all sizes.  

Front-end Technologies  

  • React.js – It is a JavaScript library popular for building interactive user interfaces. With React.js, you can offer high-quality server-side rendering.  
  • BootStrap – It is a front-end framework known for helping build dynamic applications and websites conveniently and quickly.   
  • Angular.js – Angular.js is often the go-to framework for developing mobile apps and web-based applications. It is run by Google and is known for the flexibility it provides.  
  • HTML/CSS – These are the fundamental building blocks used to develop and design websites. They are the cornerstones of all digital content available on the internet today.  

Mobile App Development  

  • React Native – It is used to build software applications using JavaScript. It speeds up the development process to create mobile applications with native-like user experience.  
  • Cordova – It enables app developers to build a mobile app, wrap it in a framework, and deploy it to multiple mobile devices without requiring any extra effort.   
  • Xamarin – Many developers choose Xamarin to build high-performing cross-platform mobile apps that can be run on all three mobile operating systems – Android, iOS, and Windows.  
  • Kotlin – It is a statically-typed, cross-platform programming language with type inference, offering full compatibility with JAVA. It has a readable syntax, and you don’t have to write as much code using it.  

Database Technologies  

  • PostgreSQL – It is one of the most popular open-source databases today, with limitless development opportunities. You can use it to develop websites and large-scale applications.  
  • MySQL – It is an open-source relational database management system that allows users to tackle the challenges of the modern cloud, web, and communication services. Moreover, it doesn’t compromise uptime, scalability, and agility.  
  • Amazon DynamoDB – It is a NoSQL database offered by Amazon as part of its AWS portfolio. Because it is scalable and has a flexible schema, it lets users change data structure and run queries against it.  

Cloud Services  

  • Microsoft Azure – It offers agility and various application-building services that allow users to customize their cloud environments.  
  • Amazon Web Services (AWS) – It is a very famous and secure cloud services platform that offers its users database storage, computing power, content delivery, deployment tools, and functional solutions. All these AWS services offer agility, reliability, scalability, and low IT costs.  
  • Google Cloud Platform (GCP) – Run and managed by Google, the GCP offers computing, development, and storage services to users.   

Other Technologies  

Other than the tech stacks mentioned above, a full-stack developer should know how to debug and use version control systems like GIT, Subversion, and Xdebug.  

Moreover, full-stack development should be implemented through a DevOps process (a set of cultural practices and philosophies that improves efficiency) to gain the maximum benefit.  

Conclusion  

Full-stack development is now an effective development approach within the application development industry. These developers are highly skilled and thus in great demand.  

We hope this article will help you understand all the salient features of full-stack development and why you should prefer it over other options.  

If you need a full-stack developer to join your team (temporarily or permanently), contact us at info@xavor.com. We have highly qualified and experienced full-stack developers working with us, serving our clients from startups to Fortune 500 companies. 

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Muhammad Abbas

Muhammad Abbas is an anthropologist at heart and a Marketing Specialist by profession. He has worked with leading marketing agencies over the years. While he considers himself a history buff, his interests also extend to topics like politics, economics, social justice, climate change, and tech.